Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy in patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

Semin Nucl Med. 2010 Mar;40(2):78-88.
Kwekkeboom DJ, de Herder WW, van Eijck CH, Kam BL, van Essen M, Teunissen JJ, Krenning EP.
Semin Nucl Med. 2010 Mar;40(2):78-88.
Lo studio delle immagini del recettore della somatostatina con [(111) In-DTPA (0)) octreotide ha dimostrato il suo ruolo nella diagnosi e nella stadiazione dei tumori neuroendocrini gastro-entero-pancreatici.
Octreotide (DTPA)/tumori neuroendocrini gastro-entero-pancreatici.

Somatostatin receptor imaging with [(111)In-DTPA(0))octreotide has proven its role in the diagnosis and staging of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Treatment with radiolabeled somatostatin analogues is a promising new tool in the management of patients with inoperable or metastasized, well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors. Symptomatic improvement may occur with all (111)In, (90)Y, or (177)Lu-labeled somatostatin analogues that have been used for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy. The results that were obtained with [(90)Y-DOTA(0), Tyr(3)]octreotide and [(177)Lu-DOTA(0), Tyr(3)]octreotate are very encouraging in terms of tumor regression. Also, if kidney protective agents are used, the side effects of this therapy are few and mild, and the median duration of the therapy response for these radiopharmaceuticals is 30 and 40 months, respectively. The patients' self-assessed quality of life increases significantly after treatment with [(177)Lu-DOTA(0), Tyr(3)]octreotate. Finally, compared with historical controls, there is a benefit in overall survival of several years from time of diagnosis in patients treated with [(177)Lu-DOTA(0), Tyr(3)]octreotate. These data compare favorably with the limited number of alternative treatment approaches. If more widespread use of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy can be guaranteed, such therapy may well become the therapy of first choice in patients with metastasized or inoperable gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.